World health Organization?

World health

The world health organization (WHO) is the particular agency of the United Nations accountable for worldwide public health. (2) Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, it has six local offices and 150 ground offices worldwide.

The WHO was established on 7 April 1948. [3][4] The agency’s governing body, the World Health Assembly (WHA), met for the first time on 24 July of that year. WHO incorporated the assets, staff and functions of the League of Nations Health Organization and the Office International de Hygiene Public, including the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). After the major merger began in earnest.

WHO’s directive explores and embraces: working worldwide to promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the susceptible. It advocates that one billion more people should have: universal health care coverage, engagement with monitoring public health threats, coordinating responses to health emergencies, and health and well-being. [7] It delivers technical assistance to countries, sets worldwide health standards, and collects data on global health subjects. One publication, the World Health Report, provides an overview of health topics worldwide.[8] WHO also serves as a forum for discussing health issues.

WHO has been instrumental in many public health achievements, notably the eradication of smallpox, the near eradication of polio, and the development of the Ebola vaccine. Its current urgencies include infectious diseases, particularly HIV/AIDS, Ebola, Covid-19, malaria and tuberculosis. non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and malignancy; healthy eating, nourishment, and food safety; occupational health; and substance abuse. Its World Health Assembly, the activity’s decision-making body, elects and advises an decision-making board of 34 health specialists. It elects the Director General, sets goals and priorities, and approves budgets and activities. The present Director General is Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus of Ethiopia.

WHO relies on contributions from Member States (both assessed and voluntary) and private donors for funding. Its total approved budget for 2020–2021 is over $7.2 billion, the majority of which comes from voluntary contributions from member states.[2][10] Since the late 20th century, new actors engaged in global health have Rises such as the World Bank, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and dozens of public-private partnerships for global health have undermined WHO’s role as coordinator and policy leader in the field.


The International Sanitary Conferences (ISC), the first of which was held on June 23, 1851, was a series of conferences that continued for nearly 87 years, until 1938. The first conference, in Paris, was almost entirely concerned with cholera, which would remain a disease of major concern to the ISC for much of the 19th century. As with etiology, even the discussion of many epidemics is still uncertain and a matter of scientific argument. International agreement on appropriate measures was difficult to reach.[12] Seven of these international conferences, spanning 41 years, were convened before any multi-state international agreement resulted. The Seventh Session, in Venice in 1892, finally resulted in a Agreement. It concerned only the sanitary control of shipping passing through the Suez Canal, and was an attempt to guard against the importation of cholera.[13]:65


During the United Nations Conference on International Organization in 1945, a delegate from China, Seeming Size, along with delegates from Norway and Brazil, announced the creation of an International Health Organization under the sponsorships of the new United Countries. After failing to pass a resolution on the subject, the conference’s secretary-general, Alger Hiss, recommended using a declaration to establish such an organization. Size and other delegates lobbied and passed a declaration calling for an international conference on health. The use of the word “world” rather than “international” emphasized the truly global nature of what the organization sought to achieve. Signed on July 1946. It thus became the first specialized agency of the United Nations to which every member became a member.[20] Its constitution officially entered into force on 7 April 1948, on the occasion of the first World Health Day, when it became the 26th member state. was approv by.

The first session of the World Health Assembly ended on 24 July 1948, with a budget of US$5 million (then £1,250,000) for the year 1949. G. Brock Chisholm was appointed Director-General of the WHO, serving as Executive Secretary and a founding member during the planning stages,[21][18] while Andrea Stamper was the first President of the Assembly. His first priorities were to control the spread of malaria, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections, and to improve maternal and child health, nutrition, and environmental hygiene.[22] His first legislative act was the spread of disease. and was concerned with the compilation of accurate statistics about disease.[18] The logo of the World Health Organization depicts the rod of Asclepius as a symbol of healing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *